Mattarella has decided to give Mario Draghi the task of forming a government. But a final decision? And why did the head of state take it? When will the next executive be able to work? Here are the next steps according to our Constitution.
Why the President of the Republic to choose the premier?
Our system does not provide for the direct election of the premier, legitimation occurs indirectly, through the parliamentarians designated by the people. The President of the Republic chooses the premier from among the personalities who have the greatest probability of obtaining the majority of votes in the Chamber and the Senate. It is no coincidence that in a moment of political confusion and difficulty for the country, Mattarella has decided to “aim high” and to choose an Italian famous in the world for having saved the euro like Draghi, to whom it is difficult for the parties to say no.
Will the Draghi government start work immediately?
No. To enter into function (and to remain in office) a government must have the confidence of both houses of Parliament and that of the House and the Senate. The Conte government fell because one of the parties that supported it, Italia viva, withdrew its support.
Now that the Conte government has fallen, Italy without a government?
It is not possible for the country to remain without a government. The fallen executive remains in office “for the settlement of current affairs” until a new government takes office.
What is the relationship between government and parliament?
The executive (government) and the legislative (parliament) powers are two of the three powers (the third the judicial) on which the balance of the liberal state is based. The government makes the administrative machinery of the state and the political direction work, identifying the strategic choices for the country. It proposes laws that Parliament approves after the appropriate changes (but individual parliamentarians can also propose laws). Parliament, as we said, also has a fundamental function in legitimizing the government through the vote of confidence.
What happens after the assignment?
The person in charge usually accepts the assignment but with the reservation of rejecting it. Immediately afterwards, he initiates a series of small informal consultations with party representatives to understand what possibilities there are of forming a majority.
What if the little consultations go wrong?
In the event of a negative result, Draghi will return to Mattarella and will notify him of the renunciation of the position. Faced with such an event, the head of state will have three possibilities: 1) entrust the task to another personality; 2) send the resigning government back to the chambers so that it can gain confidence or fall into parliament (this is a rather remote hypothesis); 3) dissolve the Houses and go to elections.
And what if Draghi thinks he has the majority?
If the outcome is positive, Draghi will submit the list of ministers to Mattarella and will declare himself ready to preside over the new government.
And then? Will he start working?
Not yet. Mattarella will have to sign the appointment decree and the premier will have to swear, together with the ministers, in his hands.
What about trust?
Within ten days of the oath the government must present itself to the Chambers. Draghi will then outline his program for the country and submit to the vote of confidence.
But is the government already in office between the appointment decree and the trust?
The government is placed in its functions immediately after the oath. According to experts, however, the government cannot carry out its political functions until it obtains the confidence of the Chambers.
February 3, 2021 (change February 3, 2021 | 09:26)
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