Draghi and the reconstruction (in two stages) – Corriere.it

The starting point is the acknowledgment that the Covid 19 epidemic is not a parenthesis, an interruption of normalcy: a break that requires us to better prepare for an unprecedented phase. In his speech to the Senate (here are the key points), Prime Minister Mario Draghi showed that he was well aware that without the tragedy of contagions and the resulting emergencies, he probably would not have been called to Palazzo Chigi. The problem, now, is how to transform a historical crisis into an equally unique opportunity. And, but he did not say this, to make it understood well by the political forces, oscillating between frustration, desire for revenge and a sense of responsibility. The mention of the need for unity not as an option but as a duty was explicit. As clear to the point of calm brutality was the demand for Italy’s international anchorage: the European Union and the United States, plus the UN. With an inevitable emphasis on the irreversibility of the conquest of the single currency. Inevitable after just twenty-four hours before, with lexical and political unhappiness, the head of the League, Matteo Salvini had said that the euro is not an irreversible choice.

Implicitly, an invitation to leave old slogans aside and to embrace the pro-European strategy that the premier offers to a Carroccio which has so far been too tied to the Europhobic extremism of some European parties: the only way to full legitimacy and to bring 2pi Italia “into ‘EU, without nationalist and autarchic ambitions.

His fifty minutes of speech (read the full text), which let some moments of emotion shine through, were mainly dedicated to the challenge that Italy faces. Vaccinations. School. Women, with an unprecedented and encouraging insistence on the wage and opportunity gap compared to men; and with an anchor to the situation in the South, in which Draghi linked the need to promote female work to the hunger for security and legality of the South. In his view, breaking the barrier between male and female employment is not only a question of justice, nor can it be resolved with the “Pharisaic respect for women’s quotas”. It also means undermining an economy of inefficiency that produces corruption and drives foreign investment away. a vision that is both pragmatic and ambitious, which will have to deal with a political system and an Italy that is anything but ready for a challenge of this magnitude. This is a two stage policy. The first, dictated by the urgency, will be that of overcoming the pandemic, with fast, capillary vaccinations, to be administered not only in hospitals but wherever possible: an imitation of the English model. And already on this it is to be understood whether the people chosen so far will be considered the most suitable.

The only thing that can be sensed is that there will be a net acceleration in the procedures; and that the government will play a part of its credibility on this in the next three months. In parallel, the management of European aid is taking shape. And here Draghi outlined a scenario of old and new poverty that is seriously worrying, citing the disheartening statistics of Caritas. He explained that “all workers” will be protected, but that eventually some categories will have to deal with a radical and perhaps traumatic change in their occupation. He recalled Pope Francis’ alarm on climate change and the consequences it is causing. He outlined radical reforms, starting with that of the taxman, replaced in recent decades by ad hoc little stories conditioned by interest groups, without a strategy. Against this moving background, accelerated by the pandemic, the premier sees an Italy that is late but strong in its international alliances and the desire for redemption.

The 209 billion euros guaranteed by Europe they will be spent taking into account these sufferings, and alongside this the need to transform the country from a technological and digital point of view. The horizon is not the election of the next head of state, in 2022, nor the end of the legislature, the following year. The goals of this effort must be seen in a much longer time horizon. It can be exploited to the fullest, or wasted. But the European framework in which the Prime Minister has inserted his government represents the extreme attempt to anchor Italy to one serious reconstruction strategy.

February 17, 2021 (change February 17, 2021 | 12:22)


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